Frequent Asked Questions

General APRM FAQ’s

The objectives of the APRM are primarily to foster the adoption of policies, standards and practices that lead to political stability, high economic growth, sustainable development and accelerated sub-regional and continental economic integration through experience sharing and reinforcement of successful and best practices, including identifying deficiencies and assessment of requirements for capacity building.

Good Governance involves making decisions and implementing the decisions in a manner that is participatory, consensus-oriented, accountable, transparent, effective and efficient, equitable, inclusive and guided by the rule of law.

Good Governance ensures that corruption is minimised, the views of minorities and the most vulnerable social groups are taken into account in decision-making and policies are implemented in a manner that promotes sustainable development.

Membership of the APRM is voluntary and open to all member countries of the African Union (UA). The process of accession usually starts with a country’s expression of interest to become a member of the APRM, which is then followed by the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the country and the APRM Forum at any of the Biannual AU/APRM Summits. The MoU was adopted in Abuja, Nigeria, in March 2003. The annual contribution from each member country is 100,000 $ US.

The APRM Review Mission is only one part of the overall Peer Review Process. A typical Review Mission may last for two and a half to three weeks, excluding the preparatory team meetings and the writing of the Country Review Report.

The first week of a review mission is usually spent in the capital, with the second week and possibly part of a third week in the regions or provinces. Since individual country reviews will have differences as a result of country specificities, review programmes are subject to variance.

The Mission meets with all national stakeholders, including Government Departments; Civil Society, including Religious Organizations, Academia, Minorities, Trade Unions; Members of the Judiciary; Parliament and Political Parties; Local Government Representatives; Women’s Organizations; Youth Groups; the Private Sector including the Informal Sector Business Federations and/or Operators, Chambers of Commerce, Commercial Banks, Insurance Companies, SME Federations, Professional Bodies – Chartered Accountants, the Legal Profession, etc.

The current Chairperson of the APR Forum is His Excellency H.E. Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya.

Dr. Mustapha Mekideche has been appointed as the Chairperson of the APR Panel of Eminent Persons at the 23rd Summit of the APR Forum held in Johannesburg in June 2015. Dr. Mekideche is the Vice-President of the National Economic and Social Council (CNES) of Algeria. He has also served as Adviser to the Energy Minister of Algeria. He is the Founder and CEO of ENEP, the engineering subsidiary of Sonatrach. Dr. Mekideche began his career as a Director at Sonatrach for the industrial petrochemical zones of Arzew and Skikda. Since 1997, he has been operating a consultancy firm serving the Oil &Gas Industry. Dr. Mekideche obtained his PhD in Economics from Grenoble University in France and also has a Degree in Mathematics from the University of Algiers.

Professor Mahamoud Youssouf Khayal, has been appointed as the Deputy Chairperson of the APR Panel of Eminent Persons at the 23rd Summit of the APR Forum held in Johannesburg in June 2015. He was Lecturer, Researcher and Director General of the National Centre of Higher Education in Sciences and Technology for 15 years and is currently the Director General of the National Institute for Support to Research. Pr. Mahamoud Youssouf Khayal is the author of several scientific publications and has been recognised through many awards including Knight if the national Order of Chad (2003).

Professor Al-Amin Abu Manga was appointed to the APR Panel of Eminent Persons at the 20th Summit of the APR Forum held in Addis Ababa in January 2014. Al-Amin Abu-Manga is a Professor of African Languages and Linguistics, former director of The Institute of African & Asian Studies, University of Khartoum, and at present, the Head of the Department of Sudanese & African Languages at the above institute. He has been a member of the university senate for 23 continuous years. In the sphere of academics, Prof. Abu-Manga has published 13 books (as author or editor) and more than 40 research papers. He is also the Editor in Chief of Bulletin of Sudanese Studies (an annually issued scientific journal).

Professor Abu-Manga has participated in 41 academic conferences around the world. He is frequently present in the Sudanese media (daily newspapers, Radio and TV) and among the founders of ‘Voice of Africa Section’ in the National Radio Corporation (Sudan). Within the framework of public services, Prof. Abu-Manga is the chairman of the ‘Council for Development and Promotion of the National Languages’ (created through a Presidential Resolution) and a member of many other committees and councils of a national nature. He speaks Arabic, English, French, German, Hausa and Fulfulde.

Ambassador Ashraf Rashed was appointed to the APR Panel of Eminent Persons at the 16th Summit of the APR Forum held in Addis Ababa in January 2012. In the course of his long and distinguished career, Ambassador Rashed served as the Egyptian Assistant Foreign Minister for African Affairs, Assistant Foreign Minister for European Affairs and Arab Coordinator for Euro-Mediterranean Cooperation, Deputy Assistant Foreign Minister for Strategic and Security Organisations in Europe, and Ambassador to Italy (2006-2011) and Ireland (1999-2003). He served as an International Consultant, World Food Programme Facilitator and Chairman for Consultations on Humanitarian Assistance and Risks in Somalia involving UN Agencies (2011).

Ms. Brigitte Sylvia Mabandla was appointed to the APR Panel of Eminent Persons at the 22nd Summit of the APR Forum held in Addis Ababa in January 2015. She was Minister of Public Enterprise in the Republic of South Africa from 25 September 2008 until 10 May 2009. Prior to her appointment as Minister of Public Enterprises, she served as Deputy Minister of Arts, Culture, Science and Technology from 18 April 1995 until 25 February 2003; as Minister of Housing from 26 February 2003 until 28 April 2004 and as Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development of the Republic of South Africa from 29 April 2004 until 25 September 2008. Ms. Mabandla became a Member of Parliament in South Africa 1994 and a Member of the ANC?s National Executive Council (NEC) in December 2007. She holds an LLB degree from the University of Zambia (1979). She was lecturer of Law and English at the Botswana Polytechnic from 1981 until 1983 and also lectured in Commercial Law at the Botswana Institute of Administration and Commerce from 1983 from 1986. She was Legal Advisor to the ANC Lusaka Legal and Constitutional Affairs Department from 1986 until 1990.

H.E. Edem Kodjo was appointed to the APR Panel of Eminent Persons at the 20th Summit of the APR Forum held in Addis Ababa in January 2014. He was Secretary-General of the Organisation of African Unity from 1978 to 1983.From 1994 to 1996 and 2005-2006 he served as Prime Minister of Togo.

Ambassador Fatuma Ndangiza Nyirakobwa was appointed Chairperson of the APR Panel of Eminent Persons at the 20th Summit of APR Forum held in Addis Ababa in May 2014. She was appointed to the APR Panel of Eminent Persons in January 2012. She is also Deputy CEO of the Rwanda Governance Board, whose mission is to promote good governance and decentralisation in Rwanda. Prior to her assumption of these positions, Ambassador Ndangiza served as Rwandan Ambassador and High Commissioner to Tanzania and was also accredited to Malawi, Zambia, Seychelles and Madagascar. In this capacity, she oversaw regional integration matters concerning the East Africa Commission and COMESA. From 2002 to 2009, Ambassador Ndangiza was the Executive Secretary of the National Unity and Reconciliation Commission that spearheaded healing and reconciliation among Rwandans. She also pioneered the Women’s Civil Society Movement and the advancement of women empowerment and gender equality in Rwanda.

Honourable Joseph Tsang Mang Kin was appointed to the APR Panel of Eminent persons at the 18th Summit of the Forum held in Addis-Ababa in January 2013. Mr Tsang Mang Kin started his career as a reporter, then was appointed an Education Officer, Minister-Counsellor in Paris and Brussels, Deputy Director of the Commonwealth Foundation in London. He left Government service to join politics, became Secretary General of the Mauritius Labour Party, was then elected an MP and appointed Minister of Culture. Here his legacy includes the National Library, the National Art Gallery, the History Museum of Mauritius, the Frederick Hendrick Museum, the Nelson Mandela Centre for African and Creole Culture. He is a CPTM Companion and a member of the CPTM International Advisory Council. An essayist and a poet, writing in both English and French, he has produced essays, plays and poetry on Mauritian history, diplomacy, Slavery, Literature, Francophonie, early Christian history, Chinese Philosophy, African, Chinese and Indian Diasporas. He is also a speaker on these subjects in Universities in Canada, China, Réunion Island and Africa, and also in Commonwealth countries and UNESCO Forums.

Mr Tsang Mang Kin holds degrees from London University and Geneva Graduate Institute for International Studies. He also holds distinctions from Senegal : Chevalier dans l’Ordre du Lion, France : Chevalier dans l’Ordre des Palmes Académiques, China : Brilliance of China, and Mauritius: Grand Officer of the Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean ‐ GOSK.